Gum (gingival) recession is often times caused external forces (such as: orthodontics, grinding, clenching, muscle attachments) on thin biotype (thin gingiva and thin underlying bone). Often times, to improve biology, option of gingival graft is presented. The goal is to improve horizontal and vertical thickness of attached gum tissue and thus will stabilize recession. These procedures are called free gingival graft.
Increased thickness of gum tissue in this young person will provide long term stability of the gingiva and prevent future recession. This is 4 weeks post-op.
There are three types of gum grafts: connective-tissue grafts, free gingival grafts, and pedicle grafts. Connective-tissue grafts are most commonly used because the procedure involves taking a flap of healthy tissue from the roof of your mouth then stitching it over the precise area suffering from an exposed root and gum recession. Free gingival grafts involve the same process as connective-tissue grafts except that the tissue is specifically taken from the palate of the mouth. Lastly, pedicle grafts use the tissue next to the affected tooth in need of repair.
During a gum graft procedure, the patient doesn’t feel a thing as we use a local anesthetic to keep them pain-free. After the operation, the patient may experience some soreness and slight discomfort, which can be effectively treated with a combination of rest, cold compresses, and, if needed, prescription medication. With proper care, the gum graft will protect the previously exposed root and serve as a healthier gum line, restoring your smile and confidence. Please feel free to contact us to learn more about your gum condition or request an appointment online